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Genetics in a Nutshell

CentoPedia – your essential epitome for genetic diagnostics. Given the complexities of rare diseases, the limited natural history data, and the smaller pool of patients to participate in clinical development, CentoPedia supports you with background information on clinical pictures, involved genes and the recommended testing strategy.

  1. CentoPedia

CentoPedia

  • Childhood Absence Epilepsy

    Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is a form of hereditary pediatric epilepsy, characterized by very frequent absence seizures. This formusually soccurs in children between the ages of 4 and 10 years and in most cases has a good prognosis. CAE accounts for 10-17% of all cases of epilepsy diagnosed in…

  • Cerebellar Ataxia

    Cerebellar ataxias are a highly heterogeneous group of genetic disorders distinguished by abnormal wide-based gait, irregular eye and hand movements, speech difficulties, and morphologically characterized by cerebellar atrophy. Ataxia is a neurological feature of abnormal gait due to the lack of…

  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy

    Epileptic encephalopathies represent a group of severe epileptic diseases with an early onset, characterized by severe electroencephalographic abnormalities and resistance to standard anti-epileptic treatment. According to the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) epileptic encephalopathies…

  • Microcephaly

    Seckel syndrome is rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, dwarfism, microcephaly with mental retardation, and a characteristic 'bird-headed' facial appearance. The major feature of Seckel syndrome is associated autosomal recessive primary microcephaly…

  • Mucopolysaccharidoses

    Mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of rare inherited metabolic disorders caused by the absence or dysfunction of lysosomal enzymes and subsequent lysosomal storage of glycosaminoglycans. This group of numerous and highly diverse diseases, with a broad range of symptoms and genetic causes, can be…

  • Joubert Syndrome

    Joubert syndrome and related disorders (JSRD) are a group of rare autosomal recessive conditions characterized with developmental delay and multiple congenital anomalies. The obligatory hallmark of JRSD is the molar tooth sign (MTS), a complex midbrain-hindbrain malformation visible on brain…

  • Zellweger Syndrome

    Peroxisome biogenesis disorders, Zellweger syndrome spectrum (PBD-ZSS) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders affecting the formation of functional peroxisomes, characterized by sensorineural hearing loss, pigmentary retinal degeneration, multiple organ dysfunction, and psychomotor impairment,…

  • Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome

    Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a rare, inherited disease caused by abnormal lymphocyte homeostasis. ALPS is characterized by non-malignant lymphoproliferation, splenomegaly, and autoimmune cytopenia. ALPS-affected patients have a lifelong increased risk of Hodgkin's and…

  • Spherocytosis

    Hereditary spherocytosis is a rare inherited disorder characterized by haemolytic anaemia resulting from red blood cell membrane protein anomalies. Hereditary spherocytosis is the most common inherited anemia in individuals of European ancestry, with a prevalence of 1-5 in 10,000 or higher when the…

  • Dravet Syndrome

    Dravet syndrome (DS) is a group of early infantile epileptic encephalopathies (EIEE) characterized by early onset, progressive encephalopathy, and severe seizures. DS is characterized by the onset of clonic or tonic-clonic seizures within the first year of life in infants with previously normal…