The goal of genetic testing for hereditary neurological diseases is to determine whether or not a patient has the disease, or is likely to develop it. Determining the molecular cause of a neurological disease can open the door to individually tailored treatment and medical care, and allow families to avoid invasive and often costly testing and procedures.
Articles on neurology
Intellectual disability (ID), also referred to as mental retardation (MR), is a lifelong disability that presents in infancy/early childhood and it is characterized by below-average intelligence and a lack of skills essential for every-day life. People with intellectual disabilities can learn new…
Nemaline myopathy (NEM, NM) is one of the most common congenital myopathies characterized by hypotonia, weakness, and absent deep tendon reflexes. Muscle weakness is usually most severe in the face, the neck flexors, and the proximal limb muscles. Nemaline myopathies (NEM) include at least six forms…
Biallelic inactivating variants in the GTPBP2 gene cause a neurodevelopmental disorder with severe intellectual disability
Congenital neurological disorders are genetically highly heterogeneous. Rare forms of hereditary neurological disorders are still difficult to be adequately diagnosed.
Krabbe disease, also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy, is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder affecting the white matter of the central and peripheral nervous systems.
Hypomyelinating leukodystrophies (HLDs) affect the white matter of the central nervous system, and manifest as neurological disorders. They are genetically heterogeneous. Very recently, biallelic variants in NKX6-2 have been suggested to cause a novel form of autosomal recessive HLD.