1. Articles on malformation


CENTOGENE gives the highest priority to the pre- and post-natal molecular diagnostics of malformation and retardation syndromes. Genetic testing for these syndromes can aid early diagnosis, improved treatment and the best possible outcomes for the patient.

Articles on malformation

  • Meckel syndrome panel

    Meckel syndrome (MES), also known as Meckel-Gruber syndrome, belongs to the group of ciliopathies, caused by dysfunction of primary cilia during embryogenesis.

  • Arthrogryposis

    Arthrogryposis is a clinical feature of joint contractures and resulting restriction of movements and is characteristic for more than 300 different disorders. Arthrogryposis, e.g. congenital contractures, can be isolated contractures, affecting only a single area of the body, or multiple. The most…

  • Microcephaly

    Seckel syndrome is rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, dwarfism, microcephaly with mental retardation, and a characteristic 'bird-headed' facial appearance. The major feature of Seckel syndrome is associated autosomal recessive primary microcephaly…

  • Noonan syndrome

    Noonan syndrome (NS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by short stature, characteristic facies, congenital heart defect, and developmental delay. NS is one of the most common birth defects, with an estimated incidence of 1 in1,000 to 1 in 2,500 births. Noonan syndrome belongs to the…

  • A homozygous nonsense variant in IFT52 is associated with a human skeletal ciliopathy

    Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is vital for the functioning of primary cilia. We examined a child from a consanguineous family who had short stature, narrow thorax, short hands and feet, postaxial polydactyly of hands, pigmentary retinopathy, small teeth and skeletal dysplasia. This is the first…