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Articles tagged with Metabolic diseases CentoPedia

  • Sandhoff disease

    Sandhoff disease is a rare inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by an accumulation of the specific glycosphinogolipid, GM2 ganglioside1, particularly in neurons. This accumulation results in a progressive neurodegenerative disorder clinically indistinguishable from Tay-Sachs disease. Because…

  • Glycogen storage disease II or Pompe disease

    Pompe disease, also known as glycogen storage disease type 2 (GSD II), is an inherited disorder caused by the buildup of a complex sugar called glycogen in the body's cells. The accumulation of glycogen in certain organs and tissues, especially muscles, impairs their ability to function normally.

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type 2 (MPS II)

    Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (also known as Hunter syndrome) is an X-linked multisystem disorder characterized by glycosaminoglycans (GAG) accumulation and caused by lack of the enzyme iduronate sulfatase, encoded by the IDS gene.

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type ICH (MPS1-H)

    MPS I has been divided into three broad groups based on severity of symptoms: Hurler, Hurler-Scheie, and Scheie syndromes. Hurler and Scheie syndromes represent phenotypes at the severe and mild ends of the MPS I clinical spectrum, respectively; and the Hurler-Scheie syndrome is intermediate in…

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA

    Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (MPS IVA), also known as Morquio syndrome A, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease characterized by intracellular accumulation of keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate.

  • GLB1-related disorders

    GM1 gangliosidosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized biochemically by deficient beta-galactosidase activity and clinically by a wide range of variable neurovisceral, ophthalmological and dysmorphic features. GM1 gangliosidosis, also known as GLB1 deficiency, is estimated to occur in…

  • Niemann-Pick disease, type C

    Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) is a lipid storage disorder that results from the deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme, acid sphingomyelinase. Niemann-Pick disease type C is due to variants in one of two different genes, NPC1 and NPC2. It is characterized by progressive neurodegeneration with an estimated…

  • Gaucher disease

    Gaucher disease is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the deposition of glucocerebroside in cells of the macrophage-monocyte system. The disorder results from the deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. The prevalence of GD is approximately 1 in 57,000 to 1 in 75,000 worldwide but the…

  • Fabry disease

    Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disorder which will typically lead to the accumulation of the sphingolipid globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in numerous organs of the body. The patients may presents with isolated symptoms (e.g. only pain or cerebrovascular disorders) or with multiple symptoms which…

  • Methylmalonic acidemia

    Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder of amino acid metabolism, involving a defect in the conversion of methylmalonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) to succinyl-CoA. The prevalence of methylmalonic acidemia is estimated between 1:50,000 and 1:100,000. In Japan, the birth prevalence may…

  • Urea cycle disorder

    Urea cycle disorders are a group of genetic disorders caused by a mutation that results in a deficiency of one of the six enzymes in the urea cycle. The urea cycle involves a series of biochemical steps in which nitrogen, a waste product of protein metabolism, is removed from the blood and converted…

  • Mucopolysaccharidoses

    Mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of rare inherited metabolic disorders caused by the absence or dysfunction of lysosomal enzymes and subsequent lysosomal storage of glycosaminoglycans. This group of numerous and highly diverse diseases, with a broad range of symptoms and genetic causes, can be…

  • Joubert syndrome

    Joubert syndrome and related disorders (JSRD) are a group of rare autosomal recessive conditions characterized with developmental delay and multiple congenital anomalies. The obligatory hallmark of JRSD is the molar tooth sign (MTS), a complex midbrain-hindbrain malformation visible on brain…

  • Zellweger syndrome

    Peroxisome biogenesis disorders, Zellweger syndrome spectrum (PBD-ZSS) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders affecting the formation of functional peroxisomes, characterized by sensorineural hearing loss, pigmentary retinal degeneration, multiple organ dysfunction, and psychomotor impairment,…

  • Fanconi anemia

    Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a rare inherited chromosome breakage syndrome characterized by physical abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and an increased risk of development of various malignancies. FA is the most common genetic cause of aplastic anemia and is one of the most common genetic causes of…


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